Treatment of Anorectal Diseases by Al-Rāzī

Adil H. Al-Humadi, Sadiq Al-Samarrai



This paper examines the writings of Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (d. 313 AH/925 CE), known to Europeans as Rhazes, regarding anorectal disease, including hemorrhoids, incontinence, fissures, rectal prolapse, ulcers, itching, abscesses, solid swelling and fistulas. His writings reveal that the surgical treatment of anorectal disease was well-recognized and treated with utmost care and diligence.


Anorectal Disease; History of Medicine; Islamic medicine; Rhazes

Full Text:



Comments on this article

View all comments

Islamic Medical Association of North America (IMANA) | JIMA and IMANA on Twitter


Creative Commons License
This work by Work's author(s) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.