Acceptance and Knowledge of Family Planning Among Muslim Women in Rural Villages of Kelantan


  • Norsa'adah Bachok
  • Asmani Abdul Razak University Sains Malaysia
  • Noorliza Mastura Ismail University Sains Malaysia
  • Tengku Norbanee Tengku Hamzah University Sains Malaysia



Public Health, Family Planning, Contraceptives, Rural Health, Islam, Knowledge



Objectives: To determine family planning practices among Muslim women in rural villages and evaluate their knowledge regarding the reproductive system and the effectiveness of contraceptive methods.
Study Design: A population survey was conducted among 173 consented married women 18 years and older from 200 randomly selected households in rural villages of Kelantan.
Results: The rate of using family planning methods among the population was 31.8% (95% CI: 24.8-38.8%). The most popular contraceptive method was oral contraceptive, followed by injectables, traditional methods, intrauterine devices, and implants. The criteria of ideal family planning methods were safety of use, ease of use, cost, and effectiveness of preventing. Most women had poor knowledge regarding reproduction and family planning methods. The use of family planning methods was influenced by ethnicity and educational level.
Conclusions: The acceptance of family planning methods and the level of knowledge among women in these villages were poor. More health promotion campaigns are needed to enhance the use of family planning.

Author Biographies

Asmani Abdul Razak, University Sains Malaysia

Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences

Noorliza Mastura Ismail, University Sains Malaysia

Dept of Community Medicine

Tengku Norbanee Tengku Hamzah, University Sains Malaysia

Unit of Biostatistics and Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences






Original Articles