Prevalence of malaria, dengue and chikungunya significantly associated with mosquito breeding sites

  • Mohammad Nazrul Islam Filaria Hospital & Centre for Disease Control
  • Mohammad ZulKifle National Institute of Unani Medicine
  • Arish Mohammad Khan Sherwani National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM)
  • Susanta Kumar Ghosh National Institute of Malaria Research
  • Satyanarayan Tiwari National Institute of Malaria Research
Keywords: Larvae, Mosquito breeding sites, Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya

Abstract

Objectives: To observe the prevalence of malaria, dengue, and chikungunya and their association with mosquito breeding sites.

Methods: The study was observational and analytical. A total of 162 houses and 670 subjects were observed during the study period. One hundred forty-two febrile patients were eligible for the study. After obtaining informed consent from all febrile patients, 140 blood samples were collected to diagnose malaria, dengue, and chikungunya. Larvae samples were collected by the standard protocol that follows. Correlation of data was performed by Pearson correlation test.

Results: Forty-seven blood samples were found positive: 33 for chikungunya, 3 for dengue, and 11 for malaria. Fifty-one out of 224 larvae samples were found positive. Out of the 51 positive samples, 37 were positive for Aedes, 12 were positive for Anopheles, and 2 were positive for Culex larvae.

Interpretation and Conclusion: Mosquito-borne fevers, especially malaria, dengue, and chikungunya, have shown a significant relationship with mosquito breeding sites.

Sources of financial assistance: National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM), Bangalore, India; Indian Council of Cultural Relation (ICCR)

http://dx.doi.org/10.5915/43-2-7871

Author Biographies

Mohammad Nazrul Islam, Filaria Hospital & Centre for Disease Control

Residential Medical Officer, Filaria Hospital & Centre for Disease Control, Saidpur, Nilphamari, Bangladesh

M.D.

Mohammad ZulKifle, National Institute of Unani Medicine

MD, MS

Reader, Dept. of Preventive and Social Medicine, NIUM, Magadi Main Road, Bangalore-560091, India

Arish Mohammad Khan Sherwani, National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM)

Lecturer, Dept. of Preventive and Social Medicine, NIUM, Magadi Main Road,kottigepalya, Bangalore-560091, India,

National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM)

Susanta Kumar Ghosh, National Institute of Malaria Research
Deputy Director and Officer in Charge, National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), Dewanhali, Bangalore
Satyanarayan Tiwari, National Institute of Malaria Research
Research officer, National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), Dewanhali, Bangalore
Published
2011-06-30
Section
Original Articles