A Review of Ancient and Modern Concepts of Hyperlipidemia/Fart shahm fi al-dam

Roohi Bashir, Yasmeen Shamsi, Rais-ur Rahman


Ancient Yunani physicians were aware of dasam and shahm (fat) of the blood. They described the condition of fart shahm fi al-dam which is what we call now hyperlipidemia. They also described al-simna al-mufrita (excess of fat in the body) or what we call now obesity. They considered these two conditions a single disease. While we now know that they are different conditions, it is true that obese individuals frequently suffer from hyperlipidemia.


Hyperlipidemia; obesity; Yunani medicine

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5915/38-1-6277

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