Isolation of Histoplasma capsulatum and Blastomyces dermatitidis from Iraqi patients with lower respiratory tract infections
One hundred and fifty immunocompetent and 150 presumably immunocompromised patients suffering from lower respiratory tract infections were enrolled in this study. The clinical specimens were collected from April 2007 to June 2008 and included sputum (247), bronchial wash (80), and blood (300) samples. The identification process employed direct examination, culture, conversion test, and serological study. Among 218 fungal isolates only six were categorized as true pathogenic fungi; two Histoplasma capsulatum, and four Blastomyces dermatitidis. The former isolates were detected in two immunocompromised patients, while the latter isolates were detected in two immunocompetent and two immunocompromised patients.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).