Acute Pancreatitis in an Alcohol Prohibited Society

  • M Anwar Hanid Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohamed A Al-Karawi Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Abdulrahman E Mohamed Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Pancreatitis, etiology, alcohol prohibition

Abstract

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5915/21-2-13311

In a retrospective study of patients admitted to the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital over a 40 month period (September, 1982-December, 1985), there were 23 patients (0.03% of total admissions) admitted with acute pancreatitis. Pancreatitis was associated with gallstones (8), hyperlipidemia (3), mumps (1), post-operative pancreatitis following cholecystectomy (1), and hydatid cyst obstructing the common bile duct (1). There was only one case of well documented chronic alcohol consumption and no obvious cause could be found in the remaining eight patients. Eleven patients developed complications: jaundice (7), acute renal failure (3), and pulmonary complications (2). Two of these patients died. Two had recurrent pancreatitis and developed diabetes mellitus. There were very few patients with pancreatitis in this series. This is believed to be the result of virtually no alcohol consumption in our community.

Author Biographies

M Anwar Hanid, Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

M.R.C.P. (UK), MD (Wales)

Mohamed A Al-Karawi, Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

F.A. (W. Germany)

Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abdulrahman E Mohamed, Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

M.R.C.P., DIP. VEN., D.T.M. & H.

Published
1989-04-01
Section
Original Articles