Neonatal Mortality Due to Tetanus in Iran

  • Hossein Malik-Afzali Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics School of Public Health Tehran Medical University Tehran, Iran
  • Mansour Chamsa Ministry of Health & Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Neonatal tetanus, neonatal mortality, Iran

Abstract

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5915/20-3-13286

During March and October 1985 surveys on basic health indicators were carried out on 10% of the rural and urban population of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Families were selected by systematic random sampling. In the visited families all deaths occurring during the year preceding the interview were recorded by age, sex and cause. Deaths in the first month of life received particular attention for signs of neonatal tetanus. The neonatal mortality rate was 21 per 1000 live births and neonatal tetanus mortality rate 5 per 1000 live births. It is estimated that over 1000 children died from tetanus in 1984 in Iran. Neonatal tetanus mortality rate was lower in urban areas than in rural areas. The elimination of neonatal tetanus is still in its early stages and immunization of pregnant women (now 32.3% second shot) and training of traditional birth attendants need to be accelerated.

Author Biographies

Hossein Malik-Afzali, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics School of Public Health Tehran Medical University Tehran, Iran

M.D., M.P.H.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
School of Public Health
Tehran Medical University
Tehran, Iran

Mansour Chamsa, Ministry of Health & Medical Education, Tehran, Iran

M.D.

Ministry of Health & Medical Education, Tehran, Iran

Published
1988-07-01
Section
Original Articles