Plasma Glucose Changes in Diabetics During Ramadan Fasting

  • Saud F Al-Fayez Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Yousef A Khogheer Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Mansour I Sulaiman Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Muslim fasting, diabetes, glucose level, body weight

Abstract

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5915/20-2-13265

52 diabetic patients (32 non-insulin-dependent and 20 insulin-dependent) were studied during Ramadan fasting. In NIDD diabetics, fasting plasma glucose levels increased in 11 out of 19 males and 7 out of 13 females. Mean levels (± SEM) rose from 8.7 ± 0.5 to 8.8 ± 0. 7 mmol/l in males and decreased from 9.18 ± 0. 73 to 8.38 ± 0. 72 mmol/l 1 in females.

In IDD diabetics fasting plasma glucose levels rose in 8 males and 7 females. Mean levels rose from 8.53 ± 0. 7 to 11.88 ± 1.16 mmol/l and from 8.88 ± 0.8 to 10.25 ± 1.4 rnmol/l in males and females respectively.

These results were only significant for male IDD diabetics (P < 0.05). No correlation was found between changes in fasting plasma glucose levels and body weight.

The possible mechanisms and implications of the trend for fasting plasma glucose levels to rise during Ramadan have been discussed.

Author Biographies

Saud F Al-Fayez, Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

M.B.CH.B., M.R.C.P. (UK)

Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology
King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Yousef A Khogheer, Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

F.A. Medicine

Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology
King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Mansour I Sulaiman, Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

B. Sc. Pharm., Ph. D.

Published
1988-04-04
Section
Original Articles