Plasma Glucose Changes in Diabetics During Ramadan Fasting
52 diabetic patients (32 non-insulin-dependent and 20 insulin-dependent) were studied during Ramadan fasting. In NIDD diabetics, fasting plasma glucose levels increased in 11 out of 19 males and 7 out of 13 females. Mean levels (± SEM) rose from 8.7 ± 0.5 to 8.8 ± 0. 7 mmol/l in males and decreased from 9.18 ± 0. 73 to 8.38 ± 0. 72 mmol/l 1 in females.
In IDD diabetics fasting plasma glucose levels rose in 8 males and 7 females. Mean levels rose from 8.53 ± 0. 7 to 11.88 ± 1.16 mmol/l and from 8.88 ± 0.8 to 10.25 ± 1.4 rnmol/l in males and females respectively.
These results were only significant for male IDD diabetics (P < 0.05). No correlation was found between changes in fasting plasma glucose levels and body weight.
The possible mechanisms and implications of the trend for fasting plasma glucose levels to rise during Ramadan have been discussed.
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