Acute Pancreatitis in an Alcohol Prohibited Society

M Anwar Hanid, Mohamed A Al-Karawi, Abdulrahman E Mohamed



In a retrospective study of patients admitted to the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital over a 40 month period (September, 1982-December, 1985), there were 23 patients (0.03% of total admissions) admitted with acute pancreatitis. Pancreatitis was associated with gallstones (8), hyperlipidemia (3), mumps (1), post-operative pancreatitis following cholecystectomy (1), and hydatid cyst obstructing the common bile duct (1). There was only one case of well documented chronic alcohol consumption and no obvious cause could be found in the remaining eight patients. Eleven patients developed complications: jaundice (7), acute renal failure (3), and pulmonary complications (2). Two of these patients died. Two had recurrent pancreatitis and developed diabetes mellitus. There were very few patients with pancreatitis in this series. This is believed to be the result of virtually no alcohol consumption in our community.


Pancreatitis; etiology; alcohol prohibition

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